Actors and Actresses Styles in The Wizard of Oz

Choosing the right actor or actress can be an important aspect in a film creating the Mise en scène. There are many styles of acting and I will be choosing three from The Wizard of Oz. The three I will focus on is Judy Garland (Dorothy), Ray Bolger (Scarecrow), Jack Haley (Tin man) and their styles of acting. There different styles of acting will bring this film together to make a classical movie that still lives today. When you have a movie like this it has to be the actors and actresses that will be in the hearts of the audience.

Judy Garland is more of the Interpreter and according to Goodykoontz & Jacobs, “this description more typically refers to actors who take material and put their own stamp on it” (Goodykoontz & Jacobs, 2014). She definitely brought the character to life and put her stamp on it. It shows in the you tube video “Judy Garland as Dorothy”. She really puts her stamp by bringing the other characters to life. Being a child star she does a wonderful performance in taking the material and making it her own. Being in the black and white part of the film Dorothy really interprets Oz by singing “Somewhere Over The Rainbow” a place where she believes is her dream world of living. It is like everything Judy Garland touches is gold because of her acting style.

(Judy Garland a career in pictures, 2014).

Ray Bolger is a personality actor that brings the singing and dancing character of the scarecrow to life. It shows the personality he has to bring that character to life his own personal touch. Looking at the photo’s shows his personality through dance and by some of the dance moves he shows also shows in the scarecrow. He also has a happy character and most song and dance actors show just that kind of emotion and that is how the character is made personable.

   a (Ray Bolger n.d.).

Lastly, Jack Haley and his style is character acting. Jack Haley was able to create his character and bring the tin man to life. He was able to adapt to the 30 movies he was in and it didn’t matter he was good at being the character as if it was in his own life. He worked well with scripts and directors and one of his best was The Tin Man on the Wizard of Oz. His song and dance brought the tin man to life and make him a great companion to the scarecrow and Dorothy.

7       1  (New Hair Now, n.d.)

Judy Garland has been an actress who has been able to fill many roles even as an adult. Song and dance would earn her other roles but not as the character world such as Dorthy but as an adult who sings and dances her way on the movie world. So for her being in the interpreter category always I don’t believe this to be true of her characters all the time. One of her films The Easter Parade she is a lady who wants to be in the Easter parade but can’t because of not having someone of stature. Judy Garland is really what is called a wild card and according to Goodykoontnz & Jacobs, “an actor who is difficult to classify as one certain type, often because he or she can play a wide variety of characters equally well without becoming typecast” (Goodykoontz & Jacobs, 2014). Another great film she was in showed a new style of acting for her that was more reaistic. this movie clip will show how she is able to perform a different way of being able to be characters. She is able to do many styles as an actress and has been successful in her career. She was truly an amazing actress.

(Judy Garland a career in pictures, 2014).

Goodykoontz, B., & Jacobs, C. P. (2014). Film: From watching to seeing (2nd ed.). San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Judy Garland as Dorothy (The Wizard Of Oz) – by (2011, February 11). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from

Judy Garland, a career in pictures. (2014, June 18). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from

Meet Me in St. Louis – Trailer #1. (n.d.). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from

New Hair Now. (n.d.). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from

Ray Bolger. (n.d.). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from


The Wizard of Oz Sounds and Music

The Wizard of Oz by Frank Baum and was originally released on August 15, 1939. The genre was family the Director was Victor Fleming. The music composer was Harold Arlen and lyrics were written by Yip Harburg.
The Wizard of Oz’s music was done by the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra and according to Carpenter, “Usually, when you’re accompanying a singer, there’s a natural give and take. Here, there’s just give. But Judy Garland sings ‘Over the Rainbow’ the same way every time, so that’s a good thing,” he laughed, adding that “the whole Munchkin sequence is pretty difficult. There are lots of tempo changes and voices that pop out of nowhere” (Carpenter, 2013). This is a technique that would have to be mastered by the Symphony and the actors. This made for tedious times when playing the songs. The munchkins were much harder as you had lots of people singing and getting it synchronized was even a harder task than just Dorothy. is just a short clip to show how the music came together. It was done first then the film was added to it.
Dialog was the communication among the characters. Just like the scarecrow who needed a brain and he told Dorothy just that and done it with a song If I Only Had A Brain. He wanted to be able to think and to answer things and be smart. It shows by song just how he truly feels that if he gets that brain he will be much better than what he is now.
When the wicked witch is dead at the beginning of the movie and they see Dorothy is not the witch the munchkins start singing a happy song which sets the rest of the music cheerful as you see in this video clip For the most part as the movie goes along the songs are happy and cheerful and only a few songs are dark and sinister as the ones in the witch’s scenes.
As far as sound effects go in the beginning of the movie the animals were a natural sound but there is no way to get a tornado sound from back in 1939 to go along with this movie. Other sounds such as the magical powers from the wicked witch there is the illusion of fantasy. Each sound is important to every part of the film. If anything was to change it would change the whole outlook on the movie. The whole film of The Wizard of Oz goes chronologically in musical order.
A Munchkin Welcome – The Wizard Of Oz. (n.d.). Retrieved March 12, 2015, from
Carpenter, M. (2013, March 10). Music preview: ‘The Wizard of Oz’ at Heinz Hall, powered by the Pittsburgh Symphony. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PA).
If I Only Had a Brain – The Wizard of Oz (4/8) Movie CLIP (1939) HD. (n.d.). Retrieved March 12, 2015, from
The Wicked Witch Is Dead. (n.d.). Retrieved March 12, 2015, from

Mise en scène In The Wizard of Oz

In the movie The Wizard of Oz there were three types of lighting techniques used. Traditional three point camera was used to bring the color of the film in and capture the audience and bring them into the fantasy and the awesome color that will transport them there. The second is the High-Key Lighting to bring out the happiness in the film and then the Low-Key lighting to bring in the darkness of the scene such as when the witch is with her crystal ball and talking sinister thoughts.

One of the best notable techniques was at the beginning of the film and according to Stophyski, ” just the absence of color in the beginning (and ending) of the movie help to set the mood and overall feeling for Dorothy when she is in Kansas, and the issues and lack of ‘color’ that she faces there” (The Wizard of Oz-Editing Techniques, 2010). The scene of where Dorothy enters technicolor will show the affect that this will have on the audience.

High-Key lighting is mostly used in this film and according to Evelynayala, “The bright lighting technique helps to rid the film of dark shadows for a lighter and happier feel to the movie without being overwhelmingly brilliant. The benefits to this lighting in a movie like The Wizard of Oz, is to help create a dream like fantasy world to the audience (Evelynayala, 2015). Most of the film is very colorful and brings out the good in the movie to give it a more happy feel to the audience.

Richards, E. E. (2014, October 2). Cinematography of the Wizard of Oz. Retrieved from […]

(Richards, 2014)

Low-Key lighting was used in the darker scenes such as all the wicked witch scenes. According to Arvizu, ( Low-key lighting accentuates the contours of an object by throwing areas into shade, while a fill light or reflector may illuminate the shadow areas to control contrast), (Arvizu, 1939). Low-Key lighting will bring a sinister feel to the movie and a feel of suspense to the audience.

Example of Low-Key Lighting.

Taken from

The benefits of the style of each lighting help brings out the feelings in the audience that makes the movie comes to a full circle with all the exhilaration of the lighting bringing out each emotion. Each technique used in this film contributed to how the writer wanted an audience to perceive it. To the lighting techniques were suited to the fantasy genre and according to Arvizu,”This creates not only a family friendly based theme, but with the genre and the use of the lighting techniques, it allows the viewers to get drawn into the movie”(Arvizu, 1939). You can see this for yourself when you watch this from YouTube

I truly believe that if the lighting had changed it would have changed the entire affect it played on the audience. If it had been all low-key then a more sinister plot and would have changed the whole outlook on the film. It was never meant to be that type of movie and all the lighting that was used in this film made it great as it is today.

Arvizu, A. (1939, February 25). Category Archives: Uncategorized. Retrieved March 5, 2015, from

Dorothy entering Technicolor. (2010, October 19). Retrieved March 5, 2015, from

Richards, E. E. (2014, October 2). Cinematography of the Wizard of Oz. Retrieved from

The Wizard of Oz – Editing Techniques. (2010, May 5). Retrieved March 5, 2015, from

Week 2 The Wizard of Oz: Lighting Techniques Blog. (2015, February 4). Retrieved March 5, 2015, from

The Wizard of Oz Reviewed

The Wizard of Oz was written by Noel Langley and Florence Ryerson and was released to the public February 25, 1939. The directors of this film is Victor Fleming and King Vidor and had a cast that would be seen as phenomenal. Dorothy is played by Judy Garland, Frank Morgan (Professor Marvel [/The Wizard of Oz/Doorkeeper of Emerald City/The coach driver/Wizard’s doorkeeper]), Ray Bolger (“Hunk” [/The Scarecrow]), Bert Lahr (“Zeke” [/The Cowardly Lion]), Jack Haley (“Hickory” [/The Tin Man]).

The story is about a young girl who loves her dog and will do nothing more than keep to keep her mean teacher away from ToTo. A tornado comes and Dorothy and ToTo is not able to reach the safety of the root cellar. She goes to the safety of her bedroom and lies on the bed with her dog and falls into a deep sleep. Thus lands her into Oz which is the beginning of her journey to get back home.

This film was done in chronological order from beginning to end. It draws the audience in at the beginning with her having and her family having a meeting with the mean teacher. When she has to give up ToTo she says she won’t do it but has to. Then ToTo gets out of the back of the basket and runs to Dorothy just as a tornado hits. When she is asleep she ends up landing in Oz and from there it is all about getting home.

Dorothy’s character is built upon honesty and integrity and as she travels through the land of oz she learns from the scarecrow, the lion and the tin man that with knowledge, love and courage all things are possible. People who have a negative attitude loses so much in life as they don’t get the true effect of what it is to have what Dorothy has.

If this movie had been done in words without seeing it up on the big screen you might have not have gotten the full effect of what it was trying to portray. This is a classic and one that has been in the hearts and minds of men.